Add the apples and all the other ingredients to the Dutch oven. Heat on the stovetop over medium heat and stir. As the mixture comes to a boil, reduce to a simmer and cover the Dutch oven with the accompanying lid. From there allow the mixture to cook for 2 to 3 hours, stirring every 30-45 minutes until the mixture resembles a soft, chunky applesauce.
Use an immersion blender or tabletop blender to smooth the apple butter into a puree. Return the smoothed mixture to the pot and simmer again uncovered for about 30 minutes, stirring constantly.